Mental health is a necessary component of overall happiness. “Health is a condition of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not only the absence of disease or disability,” according to the WHO constitution. As a result, mental health implies more than the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.
Mental health is a condition of well-being in which people understand their potential, deal well with daily problems, and contribute to their communities.
Mental health is essential to our ability to think, emote, interact with others, earn a living, and enjoy life collectively and individually. As a result, promoting, protecting, and restoring mental health may be considered a significant concern for individuals, communities, and societies worldwide.
Determinants of mental health
At any one time, a person’s mental health is influenced by various social, psychological, and biological factors. Violence and persistent socioeconomic stress, for example, are well-known hazards to mental health, with sexual violence providing the most solid evidence.
Poor mental health is linked to rapid societal change, stressful work conditions, gender discrimination, social marginalization, unhealthy lifestyles, physical ill-health, and human rights violations.
Because of psychological and personality factors, people are more vulnerable to mental health illnesses. Biological hazards include genetic factors.
Mental health promotion and protection
Mental health promotion includes activities that improve psychological well-being. This may mean creating a mental-health-friendly environment.
Mental health necessitates a setting that upholds and protects fundamental civil, political, economic, and cultural rights. Without the security and freedom these rights provide, it is hard to maintain a healthy degree of mental health.
National mental health programs should address mental disorders and broader variables that promote mental health. Mental health promotion should be a part of government and commercial policies and activities. The education, labor, justice, transportation, environment, housing, welfare sectors, and the health sector are crucial.
Here are some particular strategies for improving mental health:
early childhood interventions (for example, providing a stable environment that is sensitive to children’s health and nutritional needs, as well as protection from hazards, early learning opportunities, and responsive, emotionally supportive, and developmentally stimulating interactions); early childhood interventions (for example, providing a stable environment that is sensitive to children’s health and nutritional needs, as well as protection from hazards, early learning opportunities, and responsive, emotionally supportive, and developmentally stimulating interactions);
- assistance to children (e.g., life skills programs, child and adolescent development programs);
- greater access to education and microcredit programs for women’s socio-economic empowerment
- Social care for the elderly might involve befriending projects, communities, and day centers.
- These programs are aimed at minorities, indigenous peoples, migrants, and people affected by conflicts and disasters (e.g., psychosocial interventions for the next catastrophe).
- Efforts to promote mental health in schools (for example, programs that include helpful environmental modifications in schools);
- Interventions in the workplace for mental health (e.g., stress management programs);
- Housing policy (e.g., housing improvements);
- Violence-prevention programs (e.g., restricting access to alcohol and firearms);
- Community development programs (e.g., integrated rural development);
- reducing poverty and providing social security for those who are in need;
- enacting anti-discrimination legislation and raising public awareness;
- The rights, opportunities, and treatment of people with mental illnesses are encouraged.
Mental health treatment and care
It is vital to secure and promote the mental well-being of its residents and address the needs of those with known mental diseases in the context of national efforts to establish and implement mental health policy.
Our understanding of dealing with the expanding burden of mental disorders has dramatically improved over the previous decade. In countries of diverse economic development levels, increasing research reveals the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of critical medicines for major mental disorders. Some instances of cost-effective, practical, and affordable interventions are as follows:
- In mild to severe forms of depression, psychotherapy and antidepressant medicines are used to treat it.
- Psychosis is treated with antipsychotic medicines and psychological assistance.
- Alcoholic beverages are taxed and have restrictions on availability and promotion.
Suicide prevention, mental health prevention, treatment in children, dementia prevention and treatment, and substance misuse disorders have effective interventions. Non-specialists can use the evidence-based guidelines of the mental health Gap Action Programme (map) to identify and manage several acute mental health conditions successfully.