Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is an international medical humanitarian organization created by doctors and journalists in France in 1971.
MSF provides independent, impartial assistance in more than 60
countries to people whose survival is threatened by violence, neglect,
or catastrophe, primarily due to armed conflict, epidemics,
malnutrition, exclusion from health care, or natural disasters. MSF
provides independent, impartial assistance to those most in need. MSF
also reserves the right to speak out to bring attention to neglected
crises, challenge inadequacies or abuse of the aid system, and to
advocate for improved medical treatments and protocols.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is
the world's largest humanitarian organization, providing assistance
without discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class
or political opinions.
in 1919, the IFRC comprises 187 member Red Cross and Red Crescent
National Societies, a secretariat in Geneva and more than 60 delegations
strategically located to support activities around the world. There are
more societies in formation. The Red Crescent is used in place of the
Red Cross in many Islamic countries.
The IFRC vision: To
inspire, encourage, facilitate and promote at all times all forms of
humanitarian activities by National Societies, with a view to preventing
and alleviating human suffering, and thereby contributing to the
maintenance and promotion of human dignity and peace in the world.
As one of the very few international relief organizations to make mental
health care a priority, International Medical Corps has the capacity to
address the immediate psychosocial needs of communities struck by
disaster as well as identify and treat those with pre-existing mental
that people should be empowered to make their own decisions and solve
their own problems. This is also known in Catholic social teaching as
the principle of subsidiarity. - See more at: