The University of Fort Hare is a public university in Alice, Eastern Cape, South Africa. It was a key institution in higher education for black Africans from 1916 to 1959. It offered a Western-style, academically excellent education to students from across sub-Saharan Africa, creating a black African elite. Fort Hare alumni were part of many subsequent independence movements and governments of newly independent African countries.

Fort Hare is one of the oldest universities in southern Africa, and was the first Western-style tertiary education institution on the whole continent to be open to non-white students. A number of notable students have attended Fort Hare, including some who were expelled for protests during the period of white minority rule and thus did not graduate.

The university houses several programmes supporting the provision of mental health services. These programmes include: